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Retirement Income Options are strategies that provide you with a retirement income paycheque from the funds saved during your working years.
When you need to begin receiving income, or at the latest by December 31st of the year you turn 71, you must convert your RRSP to a RRIF. A RRIF is designed to provide you with income while keeping the assets retained in your RIFF tax-deferred.
If you are a member of a fully vested Registered Pension Plan (RPP), once employment is terminated, the proceeds of your RPP will be considered ‘locked-in’ and must be transferred into certain ‘Locked-in Plans’ which include the following Locked-in RSPs and Locked-in Retirement Income Options:
Tax on the interest you earn in these plans is deferred until you withdraw the funds, and are only accessible prior to retirement age under certain conditions. Upon reaching retirement age (most are at 55), you can transfer the plan to one or more eligible Retirement Income Options available for a regular RSP.
LIRAs and LRSPs must be converted to a Retirement Income Option such as an Life Income Fund (LIF), Locked-in Retirement Income Fund (LRIF), or a Prescribed Retirement Income Fund (PRIF) before December 31st of the year you turn 71.
A LRIF is different from a Life Income Fund (LIF). The maximum payments are based on the investment returns, not your age or current interest rates. And there is no requirement to purchase an annuity at age 80. LRIFs are only available in certain provinces.
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